The growing probability and severity of the recent flood events in Europe and worldwide showed that the existing flood defence structures, primarily dikes and walls, do not guarantee sufficient protection level of people and properties. Due to this increased risk of flooding Europe-wide, proposal for the “Directive of the European Parliament and of the council on the assessment and management of floods” {SEC(2006) 66} was released. This Directive follows the objectives of the Water Framework Directive (WDF), promoting coherent and interdisciplinary cross border, catchment based approach in flood management. Instead of fighting floods, the preference is given to strategies of living with floods which cover the measures of integrated flood management that minimize the consequences of flooding. Those strategies are called flood resilience strategies. 


This paradigm shift in flood management triggers a demand for more interactivity among the experts of different fields such as spatial planning, social sciences, structural engineering or geology, but also for the active involvement of the public in integrated flood management. The public is not a passive receptor any more, it becomes an important stakeholder of flood management and has to be actively involved in decision making as decisions made influence the way of living in flood prone areas. But also, the citizens in flood prone areas can themselves reduce the flood risk of their properties by protecting their properties in a adequate way.  

Developed by:
Institute of River and Coastal Engineering, Hamburg University of Technology